[LITOPYS UPA: Chronicle of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army]

page 24

"Do Zbroji!" ("To Arms!"),
July, 1943, no. 1

This issue of the journal "Do Zbroji!" consists of eight articles, and one poem published at the end of the issue. All the publications are anonymous. The journal is produced by the UPA political department as is noted in the title.

The issue begins with the manifesto-article "What is UPA Fighting For?" which by brief appeals outlines the directions of the UPA armed fighting against German and Bolshevik oppressors for the united, independent Ukrainian State. The second article entitled "Do Zbroji!" is dedicated to creation of the Ukrainian Army. It stresses that it is impossible to build up the united, independent Ukrainian Sate without a Ukrainian battle-worthy Army because of the ongoing struggle against various imperialistic forces.

The third material ("In Offensive") consists of four sections, each separately titled. The first one is called "Red locusts try to cover Ukraine". It deals with the Red guerrilla detachments in Sarny, Kostopil', Kovel' and Berestechko regions. It is noted that the Red guerrillas maintain close contacts with the Poles, however there are armed clashes between them. The Red guerrillas usually keep away from battles with the UPA. The second section entitled "We Are Fighting Moscow Imperialists Mercilessly" tells about battles of the UPA against the Red guerillas in May 1943 in Sarny and Kostopi' regions. The third section - "The German Horde Burns Villages and Torments People" - describes how the German gendarmes plunder and torment the local population. And finally, the fourth section entitled "Blood For Blood" is devoted to battles of the UPA against German police in Volyn' and Polissja regions in April 1943. It also contains information on the German losses and the trophies captured during the battles.

The fourth material of the issue is entitled "What We Are Good At? (Insurgent's Story)". It is a story of the UPA soldier who took part in battles against the Germans in Polissja region near Kostopil' in March 1943. 68 Germans were killed and five vehicles were burned.

The article "Washington Conference And the Problem of Japan" gives analysis of the prospects of the war of the Allies against Japan based on Churchill-Roosevelt negotiations in Washington.

The article "Brief Information on Pyrotechnics" contains general information on explosive materials and on the methods of their use. The article is divided into six sections: "Explosive Materials", "Description of the Explosive Materials", "Detonating System", "Making of Ladunki (charges)", "Methods of Destruction", "Mines".

Material entitled "The National Heroes" contains a short story about three Ukrainian revolutionaries: Ivan Klymiv - "Legenda", well-known OUN public man. Sergij Kachyns'kyj - "Ostap", commander of one of the first UPA detachments and "Korobka", commander of the first UPA company. All of them died in the battles against the Germans.

The article "Victory at Konotop" is published under the rubric "From Our Wars". The author describes the events of the spring of 1658 when the troops headed by Hetman Vyhovs'kyj defeated Moscow troops guided by Prince Trubetskoj near the town of Konotop.

The issue is ended with a poem.

page 45

"Do Zbroji!" ("To Arms!"),
August, 1943, no. 2

The issue is opened with the Order of Klym Savur, UPA commander, on the celebration of the anniversary of the liberation of Kiev by Ukrainian troops under the command of Symon Petljura (August 31, 1919).

Stepan Petriv's article "August 31, 1919" draws reader's attention to the events of 1919, when the united Ukrainian troops entered Kyjiv.

The article by M. L'vovych entitled "The Heroes are Growing Up" consists of four parts. The first tells about one heroic episode from the history of Kyjiv during the rule of Prince Svjatoslav. The Petchenigs had surrounded the town, but a brave young man managed to steal through the enemy's side and called for help to the chief-commander and his troops located not far from the town. Kyjiv was saved due to his bravery. The author concludes that the UPA's heroes have the same bravery as their daring ancestors. The following part of the article is entitled "Alone In the Enemy Side". The author tells about the heroism of an insurgent name "Khmil" in the battle against the Red guerrillas in June 1943 near the villages of Karpilovka and Lenchyn. "Khmil" had stole unnoticed to the guerrilla side, hence the operation was successful. The guerrilla side was destroyed and more than 60 Red guerrillas were killed and 30 wounded.

Chapter "The New Haidamaks" describes the heroism of a company commander named "Jarema" and insurgent "Dorosh" in the battle against the German detachment on the railway between Nemovychi and Malyns'ke villages. The last story - "In the First Fire" - tells about the bravery of insurgent group under the command of "Tsyhan". The group defeated the German gendarme detachment between Vil'ka and Japolot' villages. The Germans suffered 19 men dead. A lot of weapons and munitions were captured.

Information on the foundation of demolition works is given in the article by engineer P. Bereznyuk "On Demolition Works". The article consists of three sections - "Preparation to Demolition", "Demolition" and "Precautionary Measures".

Antin Skelja gives examples of peasant's armed struggle against the German police in Goshchany region near Rivne in his article "Self-Defence In Action".

The article by G. Jaroslavenko "The Battle At Pyljavtsi" is published under the rubric "From Our Wars". This article is dedicated to the victory of Ukrainian Army under the command of Bohdan Khmel'nyts'kyj over the Poles in September 1648.

Bohdan Vusenko's article "Ukrainian Insurgent Army In Action" tells about the armed struggle of Ukrainian insurgents against German invaders and the Soviet regime. Part one of the article entitled "Down With Invaders!" contains an appeal to merciless war against the German and Moscow imperialism. Part two entitled "At the UPA Fronts" tells about the military operations of insurgent detachments on the right bank of the Dniper river, Podilja, Volyn' and Polissja areas, especially about the raid of insurgent group through Zhytomyr and Kyjiv oblasts. Part three "UPA Is Guarding the Harvesting" - concerns the safeguard of Ukrainian peasants and their crops by the UPA detachments. The last part of the article subtitled "We Are Not Alone" describes how Georgians, Uzbeks, Ossetians and people of other enslaved nations struggle side by side with the Ukrainians in the UPA ranks.

The issue is ended with the poem by G. Jaroslavenko "We Raise Your Banner High, Ukraine!"

page 65

"Do Zbroji!" ("To Arms!"),
September, 1943, no. 3

The third issue of the journal opens with the article by Stepan Petriv "For the State!" in which the author overviews various stages of the Ukrainian history and underlines the important role of the Ukrainian Army in the struggle for building an independent State.

Rubric "At the UPA Fronts" contains materials about armed operations of Ukrainian insurgents. Battles of the UPA detachments against the Germans and Red guerrillas in Zhytomyr oblast are described in the first part of the section entitled "To the SUZ" 53 German soldiers were killed and 23 captured by the UPA detachment in the battle for Kotel'no town (Andrusivka region, Zhytomyr oblast). 47 German soldiers were killed by the insurgents, and 12 policemen surrendered to the insurgents in the battle at the town of Korostyshiv.

More than 300 Red guerrillas were killed by the insurgents in Holovnja region, 147 guerrillas were killed in Verbs'ke region tells the second section entitled "in the Polissja". Attack of the insurgent detachment on the German train near Manevychi railway station is also described. The third section - "In the Volyn" - tells about the battles in the Luch, Kremjanets and Zkolbuniv regions. Ukrainian insurgent disarmed a Magyar detachment and captured weapons and munitions in Kremjanets region. They also defeated the Polish and Magyar detachments in Uvachkove and Tairuky villages (Zdolbuniv region). In Hnydavy village (Luch region) a German detachment was destroyed; 17 German soldiers were killed.

S. Dazhevskyj in his article "On the Fundamentals of Discipline" analyzes two kinds of discipline in armies, the first based on the consciousness, and the second based on the fear of punishment; the author stresses the importance of self-discipline for strengthening fighting efficiency of the army.

The article entitled "Serbian Liberation Struggle" was reprinted from "The Black Sea Newsletter". It informs about the partisan war on the Balkans and tells about General Draz Mykhajlovich - one of the leaders of the Serbian rebels.

Organization of the detachment billeting defensive system is described in detail by Andrij Zajats in his article "Field Billeting".

The title of the article by engineer P. Berzyuk - "Organization and Tasks of Engineer Reconnaissance" reflects its contents. The author analyzes tasks and methods of engineer and reconnaissance actions.

An essay by G. Jaroslavenko - "Oleg in Tsargorod" - is published in the rubric "From Our Wars"; it tells about the campaign against Byzantium started by Oleg, Prince of Kyjiv, in 907.

The issue is ended with the heading "In the Fields of Glory". It is an obituary of the insurgents fallen in battle against Germans. Vasil' Ivakhiv (Sonar, Son), lieutenant and adviser of the local UPA provid to PZUZ, lieutenant Julian Kowal'ski, Semen Snjatets'kyj (Sirko), platoon leader, and Ivan Lutsjuk (Rudjashchyj), political officer of the UPA group, are among those who died in the battles.

page 87

"Do Zbroji!" ("To Arms!"),
October, 1943, no. 4

Introductory article of this issue is named "Following the Princes' Men-At-Arms". The author (G. Pisnjachevskyj) appeals to all Ukrainian insurgents to resemble their famous, brave and heroic ancestors - Ancient Rus' combatants.

Next material - "From the Fronts of the UPA" - briefs and information on the battle of the UPA detachments against the Germans and Red guerrillas and the Polish armed units in Polissja and Northern Volyn'.

L. Potapiv's story - "The Red Ribbon" - is dedicated to an episode of the Ukrainian peasant's armed struggle against the German invaders. The battle theme in the issue is continued by the article "Military Field Obstacles". The author (Gournostaj) gives details about various types of obstacles and entanglements methods of their installing.

Antin Skelja again turns to history in his article "Will Power". He argues using the examples of the famous military leaders that it was will power and the desire to win at any cost that were always decisive in battle. The author also tells about one of the insurgent detachments which had seized Tsuman' town in a battle against the Germans.

M. Lisovyk describes heroism of a Ukrainian insurgent group in the battle against a much superior in force Red guerilla detachment in his article "Seventeen Against the Company".

A. Burevij describes successful actions of Ukrainian insurgents against the German police in his article "Battle in Bolotkivtsi village".

G. Jaroslavenko's article - "Zhovti Vody" - in the rubric "From Our Wars" is about an unforgettable victory of the Ukrainian Cossack troops headed by hetman Bohdan Khmel'nyts'kyj over the Poles in the spring of 1648.

Dovbush's story "Friend Galja tells us about the heroic action of a village girl, 19, who managed to disarm two German soldiers and capture their motorcycle.

The issue is ended with the article "Review of the Front, Actions From August 1 to September 15, 1943" where the events at the fronts of World War II for the mentioned period are reviewed.

page 108

"Do Zbroji!" ("To Arms!"),
November, 1943, no. 5

At page one of the issue the readers will find the article by G. Jaroslavenko "From the Victory of Spirit to the Victory of Weapons". It is devoted to the feat of Bazar heroes. The death of Bazar heroes will inspire the UPA's stril'tsi to selfless struggle against Moscow invaders, writes the author.

Next comes "From the Fronts of the UPA" which consists of six sections. The first section entitled "Butchers got their deserts" contains the account of the UPA's hindering measures for the prevention of plundering of Ukrainian villages by the Germans and the Poles. One of the German detachment was destroyed near Ostriv village (Luch region); the Germans lost 24 soldiers, and 15 were wounded. Insurgent detachment captured back from the Germans many cattle and food in Pidhaitsi village (Luch region). German gendarme detachments and the Poles were also defeated in Mytel'no village and at Olyka railroad station. The second section is titled "The Plundering Raid Failed". It deals with the Germans' attempts to terminate insurgent movement in Kremjanets', Dubno, Luch, Horokhovo and Volodymyr regions. UPA's detachments rebuffed the invaders in battles at Antonovytsja, Majdan, Ilavytsja, Kurulivka, Lubomyrivka, Berezzja, Zavydiv villages. Several hundred German soldiers were killed or wounded.

The third section called "German Invaders Lose Their Heads" describes other battles of Ukrainian insurgents against German gendarmes and Polish detachments. The UPA detachments defeated German near Kolodezhi village at the end of September. Furthermore, German and Polish policemen were destroyed at Zymno (near Volodymyr-Volyns'kyj), Sukhodol, Tulychiv (Kovel region), Pil'hony (Horokhovo region) villages. Three hundred invaders were killed in these battles. Section four is titled "The Insurgents Have Defeated the Red guerrillas". It contains a report of the insurgent battles against the forests. The battles of UPA detachments against Kovpak guerrilla unit which were on their way back from Halychyna took place on the boundary between Halychyna and Volyn' near Kunev in October. The Red guerrilla detachment (more than 200 men) which arrived from Slavuta Forests was destroyed in the same place near Verkhiv. In the next story entitled "Don't Give Bread To the Red Robbers!" tells on how Red guerrillas shot a peasant woman in Borschivka village (Satanivs'k region) who refused to give them food. The last section - "Shoulder To Shoulder" - is a story of insurgents of other nationalities who fought against the enemy side by side with the Ukrainians.

The battle theme in this issue is represented by the article by Andrij Zajats "The Reconnaissance". It deals with guard duty organization on the march guarding.

The battle of the UPA detachments headed by Rudyj and Vovchok against the Germans and the Poles is described in the story "Battle Near Radovychi (Participant's Story)". The battle took place in the Polish colony of Zamyky located in the place where the Kovel' railroad forks to Lutsk and Volodymyr. The Germans (numbered about 1000 men) lost more than 150 in this battle. Vovchok, a brave commander, Bajda, a company commander, and Kubik, company commander, Derkach, platoon leader, and Kalenyk, submachine gunner became heroes of this battle.

Eighty two drill orders, approved by the Military Centre for use in the UPA detachments are published by V. Vyshytyj under the title "Tight Formation".

Svyst, a company commander, explains what the UPA soldier should be in his article "The Tasks of the Ukrainian Insurgent".

A poem by a Cossack Ivan Barvinets "Fly, the Winds!" is published at the same page.

Reports from the World War II fronts are given under the title "Front Action Overview From October 15 to November 20, 1943."

The obituary of the insurgents who died in battles is published under the heading "In the Fields of Glory". Gryts' Pereginjak (Korobka, Dovne'ka), commander of the first UPA company, Zvir, a platoon leader, and Chornomorets', a machine gunner, Gryts' (Petro), an insurgent, are among those who died in battles.

The article by S. Zakljatyj tells about the brave deed of the insurgent Vyshnevets'kyj who fought alone against the eight Red partisans.

The last publication of this issue is information of UPA Security Service entitled "Death For Treachery!", published under the heading "Revolutionary Tribunal Verdicts". It is reported that the trial session of the UPA Revolutionary Trivunal (September 11, 1943) condemned Manuille, the bishop of Kovel and Volodymyr, to the death penalty by hanging as he was the bolshevik agent called Mykhaijlo Tarnavskyj. The verdict was carried out.

page 124

"Do Zbroji!" ("To Arms!"),
December, 1943, no. 6

Andrij Ravych: "Let's Front for Ukraine". The author appeals to the Ukrainian people to support the UPA's heroic struggle. The material entitled "From the UPA Fronts" is divided into three sections. The first section is named "Battles of the Insurgents Against the German Imperialists". It deals with the battles against the German gendarmerie and police near Mogylivka and Barashy villages, in Vjazovets village (Pulyn region), in Velyka Racha village near Jasnogorod town. Second section - "Destroy the Robbers' Gangs" - contains a report on the struggle against the Red guerrilla detachment in the Kuryts'kyj Forest, near Stepanivka village, in Horodnytsja town and in Tajky, Novo-Zelena, Mikhiievka, Osovtsi, Janchja-Rudnja, Chorne, Osovy villages. The third section entitled "Volyn' Punishes German Invaders" concludes the story of the battle against the German gendarmes and policemen in Volyn' and Polissja. The article tells about the seizure of Mizoch town and the battles in Biliv'ki Khutory (Rivne oblast) and the ambushes along the road between Rivne and Klevan as well as on the road between Rivne and Lutsk.

Antin Skelja writes about strong friendship of the UPA fighters in his article "Friendship". As pages 5-8 are missing in this issue, the article is unfinished.

A story about the battles of the UNS's (Ukrainian National Self-Defence) units against the Germans in the Carpathian Plains: Poljanytsja, Kurativ, Javirnyk and Mocharky is given in the article "Uprising in Halychchyna". About 40 Germans soldiers were killed and the same number wounded.

Heroism of Petro Krasnjuk, 19, a member of OUN from Olenivka village (Mosty region, Bereziv povit), is described in the article "I won't say a single word". He was captured by Romanian sigurantsa but he did not betray any of his friends despite horrible tortures, and died a death of a hero.

Klen - the author of the story "An Avenger Father" - tells about an old peasant who joined the insurgent detachment to take avenge on the Germans for his son, who was killed.

Death of the insurgent named Khmara (Fedir Rezanovych) from Brodets farm is described by Klen in his second article - "Death of Khmara", who when surrounded by the Germans blew himself up by a grenade and wounded several German soldiers.

The article "Glory to Heroes!" describes death of Antin Turchak (Kruk, Hunja, Hajdamaka), the OUN political officer and the UPA platoon leader. He was a native of Irshany (Transcarpathian area).

Antin Turchak was contributing to the journal "Do Zbroji!". His pen name was Antin Skelja. He died in the battle against the Red guerrillas near Amelivka village (Kostopil' region) in November 4, 1943.

Dmytro Korda, the UPA platoon leader, also died a death of a hero in that battle. He was a native of Mykolajiv region (Halychyna). He also contributed to the journal "Do Zbroji!". His pen name was Andrij Zajats'.

Information about the First Conference of The Enslaved Peoples of Eastern Europe and Asia held on November 21-22, 1943 is given in the article "With United Front Against the Invaders".

The last material of the issue - "Review of the Fronts Actions From November 20 to December 15, 1943" - contains review of the developments on the fronts of World War II.

page 147

"Povstanets'" ("An Insurgent"),
no. 1, November, 1944

The first issue of the journal opens up with "The Oath of a UPA Warrior" approved by the UGVR and established in accordance with the GVS order, reg. 7 since July 19, 1944; moreover, the issue begins with the editorial appeal to readers covering tasks of the journal and the materials planned to be published.

The next article entitled "Remember the Great Days of OUR Withstanding" is dedicated to the 26 Anniversary of the establishing of Ukrainian Power in L'viv on November 1, 1918; there is also the poem by T. Vil'shynka "Death of the Great Knights be Avenged" (For the 23rd Anniversary of Bazar).

The setting up of UGVR is the theme of the article "United Political Provid [Leadership] of United Ukraine".

The story "The Ring of Death (Participant's Story)" is published in rubric "Glory To Heroes!" The author of the story, V.A., describes the heroism of the UPA's stril'tsi led by Burevij company commander in the battle against the Red guerrillas on April 9, 1944.

The oath of UPA warriors, taking the new text of the oath approved by UGVR, on August 5-6, 1944 is described in the article entitled "Unforgettable Moments". The oath was taken by the companies named "Bulava", "L'vy", "Mesnyky", the company headed by Rizun company commander and three platoons.

The article entitled "On Reconnaissance" contains analysis of reconnaissance tactics in accordance with the tasks of detachment depending upon the circumstances.

The next material - "Let's Get To Know the Art of Armed Struggle" - is annotation of the book "Infantry Field Manual", parts I and II.

In the article "Let's Take Care of Our Songs" the journal editorial staff asks the insurgents to send in texts and music notes of the revolutionary songs.

Review of the UPA armed actions from February till August 1944 is given in the article "We're Defeating the Invaders (From the UPA Actions)". The UPA fought successful battles in Kostopil', Dubno, Kremjanets' regions and in the Zhytomyr and Berdychiv Forests, especially in the period from February 5 to April 5, 1944. About 850 NKVD-men were killed in these battles; a lot of weapons were captured. General Vatutin, chief-commander of the First Ukrainian Front, was mortally wounded in the ambush that had been organized by the UPA detachment.

One of the UPA units fought seven battles against the NKVD troops in Polissja from April 23 to May 22, 1944. 465 NKVD-men were killed and 190 were wounded in these battles.

The battles were fought in Khmel'nytskyj region (Vinnytsja oblast) in June 1944. There were the battles in Sokal', Ternopil', Berezhany, Peremyshl' and Rohatyn regions in August 1944.

The next article - "We're Not Alone In Our Struggle (On the Front of Enslaved Peoples' Struggle Against the Imperialists)" - gives information on anti-Bolshevik movement in the Baltic and Balkan countries.

The article entitled "International Political Overview" contains information on the World War II fronts actions and political situation in various countries of the world.

The editorial staff of the journal once again asks the insurgents for cooperation under the heading "To Our Readers". The issue is ended with two humorous stories in rubric "Insurgents' Jokes".

page 173

"Povstanets'" ("An Insurgent"),
no. 1(2), January, 1945

Nine articles, one tale, one poem and a page of humour are published in the second issue

The first article of the issue is titled "Independent and United Nationality of Ukraine". The article is signed by the initials M.K. The overview of the Ukrainian people's struggle for the united, independent State, from the creation of the Tsentral'na Rada in March 1917 to the announcement of the Act of Reunification of UNR with ZUNR in January 22, 1919 is given in the article.

The second article is also signed by M.K. It is titled "Ukrainian Phermopiles - Everlasting Glory of Kruty" and is dedicated to the 27th Anniversary of the feat of arms of young Ukrainians in the battle near Kruty.

The author of the third article (S.Vol.) - "For Honour And Life!" - appeals to the Ukrainians to the struggle against Hitler and Moscow Bolshevik invaders.

The issue is continued by the article written by a lieutenant "B-a" entitled "The Attack of Insurgent Detachment On the Enemy Object". The tactics of the insurgent detachment during the attack on the enemy's objects are explained in it.

Igor Butynjuk's poem - "Greet Me, Proud Forest" - is published under the rubric "From the Creative Activity of the Ukrainian Insurgents".

S. Marunych tells about the unforgettable friendship of two stril'tsi (Viter and Step) from one of the UPA-Pivnich detachments. His story is titled "The Unit of Fraternity".

The next material - "We're Defeating the Invaders (From the Operations of the UPA)" - gives information about the armed operations of the UPA detachments in July through September 1944. It is focused primarily on the battles against the Germans in Bystrytsja (Drogobych oblast) and in Jasinka Masjova (Turchany region); about 170 German soldiers were killed and 120 were wounded. Information about the insurgents' battles against the NKVD troops in Horodok, Schyre, Sokal', Berezhany, Rohatyn, Zolochiv and other regions is given.

The article entitled "Overview of Front Actions" contains analysis of the World War II front actions. The article is divided into six sections: "Eastern Front", "Western Front", "Southern Front", "Far Eastern Front", "Aerial War", "The War On the Seas".

The next article - "From International Political Developments" - is also divided into five sections. The first section gives information about the struggle against Bolsheviks and their supporters in Finland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Poland, Romania and Yugoslavia. Titles of other sections are the following: "Anglo-Bolsheviks Relations", "Political Importance of the Far East", "Political Crisis in China".

The article entitled "On the Front of the Enslaved Peoples' Struggle Against Imperialists" is published under the rubric "We're Not Alone In Our Struggle". The article deals with anti-Bolshevik disturbances in the Caucasus, anti-Bolshevik guerrilla struggle in Bulgaria, anti-Bolshevik activities of the Serbian National detachments and the insurgent detachments in Slovenia and Romania.

Like in the first issue, the appeal "To Our Readers" is also published; the editorial staff asks the insurgents to send information on the armed operations, stril'tsi-heroes, and photos of the insurgent's day-to-day activities, texts of the revolutionary songs, insurgent's jokes etc.

Humour is published under the rubric "Insurgents' Jokes".

"Let's Learn the Combat Art" is the final material of the issue. It is an annotation of the second book (parts III and VII) of "Infantry Field Manual".

page 203

"Povstanets'" ("An Insurgent"),
no. 3, February, 1945

The issue is opened with the article "Help To the Native Lands (An Appeal of the UGVR abroad)", signed by the initials - M.K. The article retells the contents of the UGVR appeal "to all of our compatriots who had been taken away from Ukraine by force and those who were enforced to leave their native lands" (September 1944).

Next article is titled "Battles In Forest". The author named Chagar gives an explanation of what kind of tactics should be used by the insurgents if the enemy surrounds the whole forest range and begins to search it with significant forces.

The song "Folks, Out of Prisons Let Us Go!" is published under the rubric "From the Ukrainian Insurgent Songs".

The article entitled "On the Military Secret" is devoted to the keeping of the military secret by the insurgents. The author of the article, V.L., outlines the subject which "the insurgent should keep in secret from anybody".

The story "He Spilled the Beans (The Story From the Insurgent Day-To-Day Activities)" is also devoted tot eh theme of keeping the military secret. The author (Berest) shows to the readers the results of loosing care.

The article "Anti-Bolsheviks Struggle of the Enslaved Peoples" gives information about the liberation movement of the peoples in Finland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece and Poland.

Information about the UPA current battle actions is given as usual under the rubric "We're Defeating the Invaders in Ukraine (From the Military Operations of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army)". Especially, the battles of the UPA detachment against the NKVD troops in Kamjans'ke town and in Bandurovo village (Dnipropetrovs'k oblast) in the fall of 1944 is given there. During that time the UPA fought the battles in Ostrivne, Zdolbunov, Bibrets', Mkolajiv, Terebovl', Kolomyja, Nadvirna, Peremyshl', Dolyna, Pidhaj, Rohatyn, Kalush, Halych, Bolekhiv, Rozhnitiv regions; besides it, the UPA fought the battles in Chornyj Lis (Stanislav oblast), in the regional centre Strilys'ka Novi (Drohobych oblast), in Zhuraven and Tovmachi regions.

The next rubric - "Let's Learn the Combat Art" - draws readers' attention to the third and the fourth books (parts VIII-XII and XIII-XIV) of "Infantry Field Manual".

The final material of the issue - "Our Publications In 1944" - contains list of brochures and leaflets which were published by the UPA.

page 238

"Povstanets'" ("An Insurgent"),
no. 4, March, 1945

The issue is dedicated to T. Shevchenko Anniversary.

It opens with publication of Taras Shevchenko's "Zapovit" ("The Testament"). One hundred years had passed since the day the poem was written.

The article "The Insurgent Spirit of Ukraine (For Shevchenko's Anniversary)" is signed by the initials - M.K. The author gives analysis of the creative activities of the genius poet and cites many of his works in which T. Shevchenko appeals to the Ukrainian people to struggle for freedom.

The texts of the insurgent songs, such as "The March of the "Siromantsi", "Powerful Ukraine, Let Us Wake Up!", "Red Viburnum has Bursted Into Bloom" are given in rubric "From Ukrainian Songs."

The author (Chagar) of the article "About Raids" explains how the UPA detachments should prepare to raid in the enemy rears. The next article - "How To Put the Tanks Out of Action" - is signed "Por.K-ra". It contains a description of various sorts of Bolsheviks, British and American tanks and methods to put them out of action.

The article entitled "Insurgents' Sense of Duty", like the two preceding articles, is devoted to discipline training. A. Vaschuk underlines an importance of training, the sense of duty among the insurgents, and gives concrete examples from the UPA battle actions.

The story "Nazar" is signed by the initials - B.F.; the author describes the real events that took place in January 3, 1945 in Vzets village (L'viv oblast). Three insurgents were surrounded by the NKVD men in one of the village houses. One of the insurgents, whose name was Nazar, showed an equanimity and cleverness; he had deceived the NKVD soldiers and forced his way through the enemies together with his friends.

The next material entitled "We're Defeating the Invaders in Ukraine (From the UPA Military Operations)" informs readers about UPA's military activities in 1944. The report of the raid of the UPA's detachment numbered fifty soldiers across the Northern part of the Right Banks Ukraine (Zhytomyr and Kyjiv oblasts) is given. The detachment covered 900 km and visited seventeen regions during seventy days.

One of the UPA detachments headed by V. and numbered one and a half platoons managed to carry out a propagandistic raid across Zhytomyr, Vinnytsja and Kamjanets' - Podil's'kyj oblasts in September through December 1944. The detachment visited sixteen regions during the 94 days.

Information about the raid of the UPA detachment led by B. across Kamjanets - Podil's'kyj oblast in Novembers 3-8 is given.

The article "The Ukrainians Abroad" is devoted to the Bolsheviks criticism to the Ukrainians abroad who supported the national-liberation movement in Ukraine.

Review of fronts actions of World War II is given under the rubric "On the Fronts". The publication consists of six sections: "Eastern Front", "Western Front", "Southern Front", "Far Eastern Front", "Aerial War" and "War on the Seas".

The article "Political Review" contains analysis of Jalta Conference (February 1945) and San Francisco Conference (April 1945).

The issue is ended with the article "The Front of Enslaved Peoples"; it tells about anti-Bolshevik disturbances in Finland, Lithuania, Romania, Bulgaria and Poland.

page 268

"Povstanets'" ("An Insurgent"),
no. 5-6, April-May, 1945

The issue is opened with the appeal of Taras Chuprynka, a chief-commander of the UPA, to the soldiers and officers of the UPA regarding the complete defeat of Hitler's Germany.

The article entitled "Petlyura and Konovalets - Two Famous Names" is a publication in memory of two outstanding fighters for the independence of Ukraine.

Poetry in this issue is represented by the poem of Ivan Franko "My People" and by texts of two insurgent songs.

The article by M. Dmytrenko outlines the traditions of the Ukrainian armed struggle.

The article signed by M.K. "On Military Discipline" is devoted to various aspects of training the conscientious discipline in troops.

Rubric "We're Defeating Invaders in Ukraine (From the Actions of the UPA)" contains information about the battles of insurgent detachments against NKVD troops in various regions of Stanislav, L'viv and Ternopil' oblasts from January to February 1945.

Rubric entitled "Political Review" consists of three sections: "Military Defeat and Capitulation of Germany", "The War Against Japan" and "Two Blocks in World Politics".

The issue is ended with rubric "The Front of Enslaved Peoples"; it tells about anti-Bolshevik disturbances in Finland, Romania, Yugoslavia and Poland.

page 285

"Ukrajins'kyj Perets'" ("Ukrainian Cayenne"),
part 1, November 1943

"Ukraijins'kyj Perets'" is an illustrated humour magazine. Article one of the issue is titled "Clear the Floor for Ukrainian Chili". The main tasks of the magazine as it is noted in the article are the following: to mock at anti-Ukrainian policy of German invaders and the Soviet power, and to rise the Ukrainian population up to struggle against them. The article is divided into three sections ("articul"). As for style, this appeal of editorial staff have certain things in common with the well-known Letter from Cossacks To Turkish Sultan.

The next publication is a satirical article "Hyena is Whining" written by Andrij Burlaj. In a way it is a response to the appeal of M. Khruschov, M. Hrechukha and L. Korniets, the USSR leaders' of the Ukrainian people. The author gives numerous examples of the horrible Bolshevik terror in Ukraine under Soviet regime; he urges the Ukrainian people that they should not trust the Bolshevik propaganda.

Nine political anecdotes, six poems and several cartoons are also published in the issue.

page 296

"Ukrajins'kyj Perets'" ("Ukrainian Cayenne"),
part 2, September 1944

"The Letter From the Collective Farmers of Ukraine To Jos'ka Stalin the Butcher of the Peoples" is the largest publication of the issue. The authors of the letter, on behalf of the Ukrainian peasantry, exposes the predatory policy of the Soviet regime towards the peasantry; there are only a few differences, notes the authors, between this policy and the German occupation order. The letter contains appeal to the Ukrainian peasants to struggle against Hitler-Stalin invaders.

The next publication entitled "The Bolshevik Actions on the Ukrainian Lands" consists of four sections: "The Gratitude From Miners", "An Invention of Stalin's Butchers", "From the NKVD-Department of Kyjiv oblast", "The High-Quality Chains and Mechanized Gallows" - the small stories which have certain things in common with political jokes.

Three political anecdotes are published in the rubric "Insurgent Jokes".

The poems "Song of Stalin", "Healthy-Wealthy", "The Apple From Insurgent" are also published in the issue.

page 312

"Ukrajins'kyj Perets'" ("Ukrainian Cayenne"),
part 3, March 1945

The issue is opened with the humorous poem "How the Year of 1945 Was Captured By Bolsheviks And How it Was Then Liberated By Ukrainian Insurgents".

The article "Stalin Is Aligning the ..." stresses on the Ukraine lose its ethnic territories under the Soviet regime: "he cut ... Crimea, Kuban ... now is cutting Kholm region."

Satirical article "Of His Own Accord" deals with the speech of "Manujil's'kyj the Jew" at a teacher's congress. Manujil's'kyj said at the congress that S. Bendera supposedly was arrested by the Germans of his own accord for they intended to present him as a martyr. So, writes the author ironically, it would be possible to write about each of the insurgents who was killed that "he was tortured to death of his own accord."

Martyn Chubenko in his humour story "The Periphery" describes how the peasantry of Western Ukraine meet with the various Soviet authority functioners.

Five anti-Stalin jokes are published under the title "Seasons Greetings to Jos'ka Stalin the Butcher of the Peoples."

The poem "Who Will Hold Ukraine" and several cartoons are also published in the issue.

page 461

"Bojovyj Pravyl'nyk Pikhoty" ("Infantry Field Manual"),
Kyjiv - L'viv, 1944

"Bojovyj Pravyl'nyk Pikhoty" was published in four separate pocket-size books. This publication is a translation from Russian "Bojevoj Ustav Pekhoty" (Moscow, 1943).

The first book consists of two parts: I. Common Regulations; II. Single Soldier. The main tasks of infantry, as well as subunits battle action organization, and the tasks of infantry subunits commanders are formulated in part one of the book. Part two outlines common and special duties of a soldier (submachine gunner, sniper, liaison, observant and other) in accordance with his functions. The first book contains three appendices.

The second book consists of five parts: III. Rifle squad; IV. Submachine gunner squad; V. Machine gunner squad; VI. Anti-tank gunner squad; VII. Separate gun. It deals with rifle squad tactic in offensive, in defence, on reconnaissance, in march securing, in combat securing, on outposts. This common regulations are added with specific tasks of rifle squad.

The third book is also divided into five parts: VIII. Rifle platoon; IX. Submachine gunner platoon; X. Machine gunner platoon; XI. 82-mm grenade launcher platoon; XII. anti-tank gunner platoon. The most space is given over the rifle platoon. It deals with rifle platoon actions in offensive, in defence, on reconnaissance, in combat security, in march security and in protection when at rest. Other parts outline specific tasks of submachine gunner platoon, machine gunner platoon, 82-mm grenade launcher platoon and anti-tank gunner platoon. The book also contains an appendix.

The fourth book includes two final parts: XIII. Rifle company; XIV. Machine gunner company. It contains a common regulations of the rifle company. It also outlines the rifle company tactic in offensive, a peculiarities of the attack on fortified position, a peculiarities of the night offensive and the offensive in forest, a peculiarities of crossing a river, a peculiarities of the offensive in winter and the offensive in the mountains. Moreover, it contains rifle company tactics in defense including peculiarities of the company defense in the cases mentioned above. The final part outlines the tactics of the machine gunner company in offensive, in defence and in counter-battle. This part also contains appendices.

Appendices of the "Bojovyj Pravyl'nyk Pikhoty" have a separate numeration.


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